Cambodia, or Kampuchea as it is known locally, is a South-East Asian country lying between Thailand, Laos and Vietnam. Its capital is Phnom Penh, which is also the largest city with a population of around 1.5=>2 million.
Most of the country is made up of a low-lying alluvial plain, which accounts for its distinctive flat landscape, rich in minerals and nutrients which nourish the thousands of square kilometres of vibrant green rice paddies. The south of the country is made up of the Mekong Delta, and the northern borders to Laos and Thailand are mountainous.
At the heart of Cambodia lies Tonle Sap (Great Lake), the largest lake in South-East Asia. During the monsoon the lake grows to four times its normal size, causing the Mekong to flow Northwards into the lake. During the dry season, the riverflow reverses, flowing back down the country. This makes Tonle Sap one of the greatest freshwater fish sources in the world. It is a lifeline to Cambodians, with many residing in floating and stilted villages along its periphery.
Cambodia has a wet season (June-October) and a dry season (November-May).
75% of Cambodia’s annual rainfall comes during the monsoon season from June to October. Rainfall tends to come in a single 2-3 hour shower, rather than continuous rain from morning until night, however the latter does occasionally occur. Flooding is common during this time, and travel can be affected due to road damage.
November to February is the Cambodian ‘winter’. Temperatures fluctuate from around 25-30⁰C by day. This coincides with the tourist high season, as many visitors take advantage of the cooler temperatures. From March to May is hot season. Temperatures generally lie in the 30s, with occasional peaks in the low 40s.